Technology has greatly revolutionized our whole world. We are a population of more than 7 billion on the Earth and we are consuming its resources very fast. Technology helps us to efficiently utilize these resources so we can maintain a sustainable lifestyle. Due to progress in science, technology has evolved in such ways that help us to lead a sustainable yet ideal life cycle.
Today we are going to look over 15 amazing breakthroughs in science and technology that will shape how future technologies move forward:
1. Floating Farms:
The term “Floating Farms” might sound like something out of a science fiction movie but in reality, this same concept is being executed. World’s population is growing rapidly. The UN estimates that the population of Earth will grow to become 8 billion by 2050 and hence it will also increase the food demand by 70%. These numbers are staggering and considering how much some parts of the world are struggling with famine and hunger the supply of food will only become less.
Farms on sea or water? It sounds very unachievable. But architect Javier Ponce of forwarding Thinking Architecture has shown a new and revolutionary design that is a 24-meter tall structure with three tiers that can grow fruit and veg over it. This structure does not use soil but uses a mix of nutrient-rich liquids that helps the plants grow. This structure is also powered by solar panels. According to innovators, a single floating farm will produce almost 8.1 tons of vegetables and 1.7 tons of fish.
2. Smart Cancer Detecting Needles:
Cancer is one of the most painful and worrying diseases found in us. It brings pain and its diagnosis is needed to be done as fast as possible. With the invention of these new smart needles, the diagnosis time of cancer can be faster. According to the University of Exeter, these new smart needles use a technology called Raman spectroscopy in which a part of the body is inspected by shining a tiny low-beam laser. With this, any potential cancerous spots in the body can be found.
It is to be believed by the researchers, that this method can be particularly helpful in finding a certain type of cancer known as lymphoma. The diagnosis of lymphoma is pretty lengthy, so to lower the patient’s anxiety these smart needles can be helpful.
3. Power from Coffee Grounds:
Coffee is consumed in large numbers by individuals each day and coffee grounds are dumped into waste in tons every year. These coffee grounds can be turned into useful fuel. According to entrepreneur Arthur Kay, his company bio-bean can convert coffee into fuel that will power vehicles and transport and can provide heating solutions for buildings.
4. World Wide Internet Access:
The internet is driving the humans of today. We cannot seem to live without the internet. You can socialize and get insane tech news by just tapping a few links on the internet. But this internet is not accessible all over the world. The place must have Wi-Fi routers and for all that matter giant network towers to provide internet services. All this can be changed with satellites. Google has made such efforts with the help of helium balloons to provide internet services to a wider area. Another company called Hiber have sent shoe-box sized satellites in the earth’s orbit that send signals to connect devices like computer ad phones to the internet.
5. Bricks that can Store Energy:
Research scientists of Washington University in St. Louis of Missouri, US have developed an amazing way to store energy in bricks. Bricks that are used to build houses can now also be used to store energy.
Scientists have developed these red bricks into energy-storing devices called supercapacitors. The process of converting them into supercapacitors involves coating these red bricks with a special conducting compound called PEDOT. This compound then seeps into the porous structure of these red bricks which result converts these house building bricks into energy-storing electrodes. The red pigment of bricks is composed of Iron Oxide, this substance helps the bricks to convert into electrodes and store energy in them.
6. Our Sweat Holds Power:
It is astonishing but completely true that our sweat has energy-producing power. Smartwatches come equipped with batteries that are made of harmful and unsustainable toxins or chemicals. Having the risk of that battery tearing and spilling the toxins over delicate human skin can cause great problems.
To tackle this problem, scientists have developed supercapacitors that replace the electrolytes found in conventional batteries with the electrolytes found in human sweat. This battery system works by coating a thin polyester cellulose cloth in a thin polymer that acts as its electrode. This polyester cloth absorbs human sweat and recharges it for further use. This concept is relatively new and is still under development but this process is more sustainable and robust enough to use in smartwatches.
7. Heart Monitoring T-Shirts:
Wearables like smartwatches have become pretty capable to monitor heart rate and blood oxygen level. However, with the development in technology heart monitoring t-shirts are also coming into existence. Having a t-shirt with a single ECG wire can monitor your heart beating regulation and send the data to your phone application. These technologies can prove lifesaving as any abnormal changes in heartbeats can prompt the user to seek medical help.
8. Space Travel Balloons:
If you want to take an adventurous ride to space then you might be in luck because technology has advanced enough to get you also to space. There are special space balloons that can take you 32 km high up in the Earth’s Orbit. To go into space, you have to go more than 100km away from the Earth’s surface. However, 32km is high enough to show you the Earth’s curvature and the beauty of space through the naked eye.
9. Car batteries that can charge in 10 minutes:
Lithium-ion batteries are deemed to never fast charge as the more electrical flow they get the more their actual energy storing capacity degrades. The fast charging of batteries rises its temperature that is not suitable for lithium-ion batteries, fast charging will only suitable for such batteries at a lower temperature.
So, to keep the temperature optimal scientists have found a way through which the battery would be charged fast and the temperature will be regulated. To do so the battery needs to be heated up to 60 degrees Celsius for just 10 minutes of rapid charging and then instantly cooled down with help of cooling pads surrounding the battery pack. This would avoid battery degradation and keep the battery fully charged in just a matter of minutes.
10. Robotic Guide Dogs:
Blind people need special guide dogs that can help them to move around in the real world. However, adopting and taking care of a living dog is a great responsibility. To lower the risk of disturbing a dog’s life, robotic guide dogs are being invented. They have a control moment gyroscope that can help blind people move around the same way how real guide dogs guide people in this world.
11. Virtual Reality you can Feel:
VR was always meant to replicate the real-life order through technology. However, it lacked the physical feeling but now that is being taken care of too. Scientists have developed a set of vibrating machines packed in a silicone polymer that can stick to human skin. This device can replicate the feeling of virtual touch into physical touch. This technology can greatly help people who are handicapped and use prosthetics to finally feel the touch they are missing.
12. Anti-Biotics are being Crowdsourced:
Scientists are exploring new forms of bacteria and small living organisms that can help produce new and improved forms of anti-biotics. They are crowdsourcing mouth swabs from sea surfers. As seawater gets inside the mouths of surfers, they also get exposed to various micro-organisms found in seawater. Using technology scientists can use microbiology to genetically modify such microorganisms to produce effective and strong anti-biotics.
13. Alive Robots:
Technology has pioneered to make tiny hybrid robots that are alive as living beings. These tiny millimeter-sized alive robots can be used to live in human bodies to find potential cancerous cells or other problems causing the issue. These robots can also be programmed to find microplastics in the ocean and eat them to reduce pollution.
14. Living and Healing Concrete:
Scientists have invented living concrete that can heal itself. Concrete is the most used material when building houses and buildings. Fixing buildings by adding more concrete means you need more sand and cement. This method works but it is not sustainable. By using gel, sand, and bacteria, scientists have produced a living concrete that is strong and reliable and fixes itself when needed.
15. Self-Driving Vehicles:
Artificial Intelligence has changed the way how the world works now. Computers are taking over the simplest of tasks and now there are prototypes testing self-driving vehicles that don’t need a human to operate them. These vehicles can automate themselves, and move according to their artificial intelligence which senses road types, passengers and road traffic, etc. Companies are also investing in self-driving trucks that will help make the transportation of cargo safer and timelier. Self-driving trucks would use less fuel and can take rough rides around the country with a lower risk of life.
Technology has changed life. People have benefited from them and they are continuously thriving with the advancements in technology. The future for technology is bright and it is on the road for the betterment of mankind. There are many more aspiring concepts of tech that can revolutionize the way humans live but only time and hard work will show if ever these efforts bore fruit.